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Fine Antique Shirvan/Quba Caucasian Russian Runner Rug, Hand Knotted, Circa 1890
Shirvan rug, floor covering handmade in the Shirvan region of Azerbaijan in the southeastern Caucasus. With the exception of a group of rugs woven in the vicinity of Baku, most Shirvans are found in small sizes, with examples from the southern part of the area around the town of Saliani more likely to be in the long, narrow format described in the West as runners. The area around Maraza has produced many prayer rugs, including a well-known type with boteh (leaf-shaped) figures on a blue field.
Most small Shirvan rugs are not specifically identifiable as to village source, as they share a range of geometric field designs and borders. They are generally less finely woven than rugs from farther north in the Kuba district, although they are finer than the Kazakh-type rugsmade in western Azerbaijan. Shirvan rugs are usually all wool, but some may show cotton wefts and cotton edges.
Quba rugs and carpets are named for a town that is located in Azerbaijan Republic not far from the Caspian Sea; therefore, making Kubas a sub-division of Caucasian carpets.1 Kuba is at once a city and an area that was formerly a Khanate (the equivalent to a state region in the traditional Persian system) of Azerbaijan.2 Within the Kuba genre itself, there exist many subdivisions including: Alpan-Kuba, Karagashli, Konaghend, Chi Chi, Perepedil, Seychour and Zejwa